Things To Know About Craniosynostosis, A Birth Defect

September 12 2011No Commented

Categorized Under: News


People commonly frown at something if they find it unusual. Not excluded from that are parents with children having congenital defects. An abnormal condition present at birth is Craniocynostosis. It is characterized by early closure of one or more sutures of the baby’s head which can lead to its abnormal shape. On the 36th month, the brain has increased 3 times its original size. The sutures are there so the skull can expand as a way of coping up with the growing brain. Closure of the skull at an earlier time will lead to craniocynostosis. It has no known cause but it is said that genetics and exposure to teratogens such as drugs can lead to the development of the defect. Studies have shown that it is considered as a Zoloft birth defect, an antidepressant belonging to the SSRI classification.


How Can I Tell if My Child Has Craniocynostosis?

The obvious sign is an unusual shape of the head. Palpation of the head would show that “soft spots” or fontanels are absent or disappeared earlier than expected. A raised ridge on the affected suture can be found and you can notice that the increase of your baby’s head is slow or absent. The mentioned signs will not be seen upon birth but after a few months of life. If you think that your baby’s head is not growing as it should be and it is irregularly shaped, then it is advised that you see a doctor.


Is There a Treatment for This Condition?

Mild cases can be without treatment as it will not have a big effect on your baby’s health and will eventually be covered as hair develops. However, surgery is needed for severe cases. The procedure is done when the child is still an infant but timing and type will depend on the severity and if there is an underlying condition. The goal of the surgery is to decrease the brain’s internal pressure and provide enough space for the brain to develop properly. The health care team is composed of a neurosurgeon (brain surgeries) and craniofacial surgeon (face and head surgeries). This situation is identified as emotionally draining and can put the parents in an very anxious state so it is helpful that they can share what their experience to parents under similar conditions. It is best to ask your doctor for a support group in the community.


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