A Guide To Worm Farming

October 29 2010No Commented

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Most people do not know much about worm farming, who does it and what to do with the bunch of worms. When worms are fed the organic material similar to that used in compost pile, the material they produce is very useful. Castings is the final product, which is actually the excrement of the worms, and is a great fertilizer or amendment for potted plants or garden soil. Vermmicomposting is the technical term for using the worms to create casting and the end product is called vermicast or vermicompost.

Starting with the right type of worms is essential to get the high quality castings from the worm farm. There are few worms that easily adapt to life in the container and process the organic waste. If you are new to worm farming, you can choose wrong kind of worms that burrow down and do not process much food into casting. To start with, you need to buy the worms from an experienced vermicomposting supplier to ensure that the worms are good enough for farming.

Once you gain sufficient experience, you will be able to identify the local worms, and find out if they would be good for populating the farm. The worm farm can be built in several ways, and one easy way is to directly situate it on the ground. Another option is to dig a trench, and put the material inside. Another option is to use the bin or container of some kind, and stack two or more on top of each other.

To start the worm farming in the container, put some sheets of shredded newspaper inside, which can act as the bedding. Put some handfuls of soil, add little water, organic waste, and finally add the worms. Cover the mouth of the container with something light so that the light stays out while the moisture is retained. After a couple of weeks, take off the cover to put some more food, and continue to do so while the worms multiply.

If the farm starts smelling bad, you might be supplying more food than the worms are able to process, and also avoid adding milk products, animal waste, animal products or oil as these can attract pests. When the box is almost half full, you can harvest the castings, and there are several ways to do this. On the empty side, add a layer of bedding, soil and food, give worms few weeks time to move over to the other side, and collect the good vermicompost that has been left behind. The information was given by a dealer of topsoil, organic vegetables, pet supplies and Wellington flowers.

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